Artur Rubinstein was one of the greatest pianists of the 20th century. Born in Lodz in 1887, he took piano lessons in his native city and at the Warsaw Conservatory. In Berlin he continued his training and debuted there in 1900 under the musical direction of Joseph Joachim. This was followed by appearances in America and many European countries. Rubinstein, the blessed virtuoso, as Thomas Mann once called him, worked with the most famous musicians of his time, made recordings and was celebrated all over the world as the "Pianist of the century." He devoted himself particularly intensively to the works of his fellow countryman Chopin and set standards in Chopin interpretation with his unsentimental playing. In 1976 he withdrew from the concert stage in London with a farewell concert, and in December 1982 he died in Geneva at the age of 95.